FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Why do I have to open an account, by filling in a form, before placing an order?
We must have this minimum information in order to send the stamps to your home, and we retain it to avoid the trouble of requesting it again in the future.
How can I open an account?
Opening an account is very simple, One only has to fill out the form by clicking on the "register" button located to the upper right. Once this is done, click on the "register" button below and wait a few seconds until you receive our confirmation e-mail. Finally, click on the link that indicates the e-mail is directed to the Encyclopaedia Philatelica, now with the registration confirmed. At this point, just by entering the same e-mail and password in the boxes on the top right, and then clicking on the "send" button, you can send purchase orders to us at any time.
What should I enter when it asks for a password and what is it used for?
It is a combination of numbers and letters, minimum of six characters, that you should create and, above all, is easy to remember, which avoids having to fill out the form for future orders, since the system will automatically recall all your data by entering this same password and your e-mail.
What is the minimum quantity in the shopping cart so that the system accept the order?
Five euros, excluding shipping cost.
What scale is used for the images representing the stamps?
200%.
Are the stamps that I receive accurate and physically the same as shown in the images of the Encyclopaedia?
Yes, in the case of circulated stamps whose price is equal or greater than five euros. For the remainder, however, we always seek to select strictly stamps of the best quality possible.
Can I return the stamps if they do not meet my expectations?
Yes, and as soon as we receive the return, we proceed to refund the amount.
Can stamps not catalogued in the Encyclopaedia Philatelica be ordered?
Yes, certainly, you only have to send us a message with the references or descriptions of the stamps you are looking for. We accept numerations from Gibbons, Michel, Scott and Yvert, and other monographic catalogues.
What is the sum of the book

The commitment of the Spanish monarchy to discover a transoceanic route that not only would allow access to the Spice Islands but also impacting the achievement of the first circumnavigation of the earth in 1522 which led to the discovery of a new stage for European expansion. The expedition of Miguel López de Legazpi finally succeeded in founding the first Hispanic settlement in Cebu, 43 years later, the starting point for the conquest of the lands that would be Philippines. The reconstruction of prehispanic cultures rely on information provided by the earliest chronicles, documents in Castilian that, given the absence of local sources, are the only available resource for the sixteenth century history and, despite reflecting only the perspective of the conqueror, therefore invaluable.

The mosaic of cultures in the so called archipelago of San Lázaro, a term coined by Fernando de Magalhães in 1521, are classified in four groups. Firstly, the aytas representing the descendants of earliest settlers who arrived by land before the sea level rise that occurred after the last glaciation. Although they were not an homogeneous group certain ethnic, linguistic and cultural characters, an economy of hunting and gathering among others, marked profound differences with the other inhabitants.

Secondly, Muslim groups in Mindanao, Sulu, Palawan and southwest of Luzon, formed with the Moluccas a commercial network dominated by the sultanate of Brunei. The Spanish conquest led to a new clash between the two religions, epilogue of the one held in the peninsula until 1492, achieving the Spanish administration to eradicate the influence of Islam in Luzon, while in Mindanao and Sulu, more deeply rooted, during centuries it has represented the resistance to the power emanated from Manila.

Thirdly, Visayan language is the common nexus among populations occupying lowland of the namesake archipelago, central part of Philippines between the large islands of Luzon and Mindanao. As in ancient Greece, a common culture in a fragmented scenario characterized the human geography of essentially maritime people. Finally, it studies populations that are not included in the preceding groups, that is those groups of Malay origin who did not keep stable ties with the sultanate of Brunei, and did not belong to the Visayan linguistic field, located in Luzon, Mindanao and Panay.